A root canal treatment is one of the most intensive surgical treatments carried out in the world of dentistry. Also sometimes referred to as endodontic treatment, it is carried out when the pulp of the tooth becomes infected or inflamed. The pulp is a soft tissue that lies between the dentin and the white enamel. It consists of connective tissue, nerves and blood vessels, and performs the important function of developing the root of the tooth. The inflammation or infection of the pulp can be caused by deep tooth decay, gum diseases, multiple dental procedures carried out on a single tooth, a root fracture or even traumatic damages such as chipping or cracking of the tooth.